四級考試網 鯉魚小編 更新時間:2019-06-10

Im usually fairly skeptical about any research that concludes that people are either happier or unhappier or more or less certain of themselves than they were 50 years ago. While any of these statements might be true, they are practically impossible to prove scientifically. Still, I was struck by a report which concluded that todays children are significantly more anxious than children in the 1950s. In fact, the analysis showed, normal children ages 9 to 17 exhibit a higher level of anxiety today than children who were treated for mental illness 50 years ago.

  Why are Americas kids so stressed? The report cites two main causes: increasing physical isolationbrought on by high divorce rates and less involvement in community, among other thingsand a growing perception that the world is a more dangerous place.

  Given that we cant turn the clock back, adults can still do plenty to help the next generation cope.

  At the top of the list is nurturing (培育) a better appreciation of the limits of individualism. No child is an island. Strengthening social ties helps build communities and protect individuals against stress.

  To help kids build stronger connections with others, you can pull the plug on TVs and computers. Your family will thank you later. They will have more time for face-to-face relationships, and they will get more sleep.

  Limit the amount of virtual (虛擬的) violence your children are exposed to. Its not just video games andmovies; children see a lot of murder and crime on the local news.

  Keep your expectations for your children reasonable. Many highly successful people never attended Harvard or Yale.

  Make exercise part of your daily routine. It will help you cope with your own anxieties and provide a goodmodel for your kids. Sometimes anxiety is unavoidable. But it doesnt have to ruin your life.


  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1.The author thinks that the conclusions of any research about peoples state of mind are ________.

  A. surprising

  B. confusing

  C. illogical

  D. questionable

  2. What does the author mean when he says, we cant turn the clock back(Line 1, Para. 3)?

  A. Its impossible to slow down the pace of change.

  B. The social reality children are facing cannot be changed.

  C. Lessons learned from the past should not be forgotten.

  D. Its impossible to forget the past.

  3.According to an analysis, compared with normal children today, children treated as mentallyill 50 years ago ________.

  A. were less isolated physically

  B. were probably less self-centered

  C. probably suffered less from anxiety

  D. were considered less individualistic

  4.The first and most important thing parents should do to help their children is ______

  A. to provide them with a safer environment

  B. to lower their expectations for them

  C. to get them more involved socially

  D. to set a good model for them to follow

  5.What conclusion can be drawn from the passage?

  A. Anxiety, though unavoidable, can be coped with.

  B. Childrens anxiety has been enormously exaggerated.

  C. Childrens anxiety can be eliminated with more parental care.

  D. Anxiety, if properly controlled, may help children become mature.

  1.[D] 題目中的peoples state of mind就是本文第1句中either happier or unhappier or more or less certain of themselves。而對于這種研究,作者開門見山地表明自己的態度是skeptical懷疑的,因此該研究結論是questionable “可疑的”,故選D。

  2.[B] 3段說“雖然我們無法使時光倒流,但是我們成年人還是可以做很多事情來幫助下一代,使他們可以妥善應對”所以,“使時光倒流”實質上是改變孩子們現在所生活的環境,正確答案為B。

  3.[C] 只要讀懂第1段最后一句的比較結構:該分析顯示,現在917歲的普通兒童比50年前接受精神病治療的兒童所表現出來的焦慮不安程度還要高,此題答案就一目了然,即選C。

  4.[C] 根據第4段開頭的At the top of the list可知答案可在該段中尋得。由該段最后一句“加強社會聯系有助于社區的建設,也有助于使個人免受壓力的侵擾”可知正確答案為C。

  5.[A] 根據文章最后兩句“有時候焦慮是難免的,但它并不是非要毀掉你的生活不可”可知A說法與之相符,故選A。